A shareholder may be a person, company or other institution holding at least one share in a company. Since the shareholders are the owners of the business, benefits can be obtained if the business is successful, if the shares have increased in value. However, if a company does poorly, a shareholder could lose money if the share price falls. Fortunately, for most partners, they are not personally responsible for the company`s debts and any other financial obligations that may arise in relation to partnerships or individual companies. As a general rule, when the corporation is bankrupt, not all creditors can ask shareholders to pay something, but they can do so in the case of a private entity where the owner may be asked to pay the debts. When you set up a business for the first time as a business, most states require you to submit the company`s status. This document is a charter that confirms the existence of your company in the state where your company is headquartered. It is filed in the form of a single document in your secretary of state`s office and contains the fundamental characteristics of your business. After filing the document and approving it, you created your company as a registered business valid in the state.

Shareholder laws also offer shareholders certain remedies, often with an action for damages for breach or other facilities. According to Section 205 of the Companies Act of 1963, the High Court has wide-based powers to resolve shareholder disputes where the Tribunal considers that the affairs of the corporation are conducted or that the powers of the directors of the corporation are exercised in a way that a shareholder is underqualified as a member of the corporation, in contempt or in defiance of the interests of a shareholder. Under Section 205, the High Court may issue an injunction as it deems appropriate, including by prohibiting or prohibiting any act or cancellation or modification of a transaction, or to regulate the conduct of the company`s affairs in the future or for the purchase of a shareholder`s shares. In cases such as this, the High Court will often order a shareholder to buy the shares of another shareholder and resurrect the repurchase of the shares of one or more shareholders. In addition, a disgruntled shareholder may also apply for a liquidation contract under Section 213 of the Companies Act of 1963. Again, the High Court may issue such an injunction if it believes that it is fair and fair. 7.13 Reflections on outgoing shareholders However, there is no need to do so and many shareholder agreements do not provide for a dispute resolution procedure. In such cases, the parties may resort to remedies provided for by law and the Corporations Act. In the structure of the articles, you can agree on a shareholder pact. This document gives you even more flexibility.

But the rules you take as part of a shareholders` pact must correspond to the fixed parts of your articles, just as the articles must comply with the fixed parts of the company law. The shareholder contract is an agreement between the shareholders of a company that defines the rights and commitments of shareholders and controls the company`s operations. The statutes, including the formation of a company, are an internal document of a company that defines the responsibilities of directors, the type of transactions to be carried out and the means by which shareholders exercise control of the board of directors.